1st December 2021
  • 1st December 2021

217th year and the chronology of kovai

By Team YourCoimbatore on 24th November 2021
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In Tamilnadu, the Kovai district acts as an industry leader in production and manufacturing.

It has more than forty thousand micro, small and medium enterprises. The district is gloriously called “Manchester of South India ” because it has a rich industrial heritage similar to Britain’s Manchester. The lives of lakhs of people are dependent on these establishments.

In the agro sector, bananas and coconuts are the major crops of the locality. Many other crops were also cultivated by farmers in smaller quantities.

It is also an emerging hub of service sector industries, which provides livelihood opportunities to lakhs of youngsters across the state and the country. Most of the firms are located on the outskirts of the city in a peaceful environment like peelamedu, thudiyalur, and saravanampatti.

Today the district celebrates its 217th birthday. Coimbatore has got a long-term history. In the year 1804, on 24th November the North-western belt of Tamilnadu was declared as Kovai district which had present-day neighbouring districts of Erode, Tirupur and Nilgiris in it. The district has been developing for about two hundred years. Yet the district has its own distinct culture.

Historical Terminology of kovai.There are several explanations for the origin of the name Kovai or Coimbatore. Research books have records that in ancient times kosar race people had lived in the territory by making kosam puthoor as its capital.

King Koyan ruled the place and the people cultivated pearls(muthu) in the big pond. So it got its name as a koyan muthoor.The deity koniyammam, who protected the land was called in her name and later it was evolved as Kovai.

In the Kongu region, during the silapathikaram period, a king named ilangosar was ruled. So his surname gosar was altered to kosam puthoor and later turned Koyamputhoor. Despite several resources, there is no authenticated and valid information to support it.

Two hundred years back:

The kovai has seen considerable northern invasions from Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas, Chalukyas and Madurai pandyas from the south. Yet, an increasing number migrated to inhabit Kovai after the era of later Cholas. In 1799, the British defeated the ruler Tipu Sultan and seized Kovai. Until independence, Kovai was a part of the British administration.

Historians say though the land was under the rule of Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, kongu Cholas, Vijayanagara, Madurai, Tipu Sultan and Hyder Ali it was only in the British administration it saw an overall development. The remarkable buildings of the city were constructed during the British period.

The Kovai was upgraded to a town in the year 1866, at that time it had a population of around 24,000. In 1980 it was granted the status of a corporation. The explosion in population growth and fostering development led the administrators to divide the district.

The infrastructure policies such as the siruvani drinking water project and the pykara hydropower electrification stood as pillars for the development of the district. The smart city project and the metro will further fuel its momentum shortly.

Thanks the Hindu Tamil.

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