Farmers are considered the backbone of the country and 23rd December is dedicated to farmers. It is not a surprise that one day is celebrated and dedicated to farmers.
Kisan Diwas or National Farmer’s Day is observed on 23rd December to mark the birth anniversary of “Champion of Indian Peasants” former Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh.
The government has decided to celebrate Chaudhary Charan Singh’s birthday as Kisan Diwas in 2001 to recognise his contributions to the agriculture sector and the welfare of farmers.
On this day, awareness campaigns and drives are organised across the country to educate people about the role of farmers and their contribution to the economy. Farmers Day reminds us to acknowledge and thank every farmer of the nation for his unconditional dedication.
Why is the Day Celebrated on Chaudhary Charan Singh’s Birth Anniversary?
The decision by the government in 2001 was taken to recognise Chaudhary Charan Singh’s contribution to the upliftment of farmers and the development of the agriculture sector. He brought some of the most remarkable reforms in the agrarian sector and is titled by many historians as the ‘Champion of India’s Peasants.’
Chaudhary Charan Singh: His Roots and the seeds he sowed:
Chaudhary Charan Singh was born in 1902 in a middle-class peasant family in Noorpur, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh. He earned his bachelor’s degree in science in 1923, followed by his post-graduation in 1925 from Agra University. He was also a practitioner of law and was an active participant in the country’s freedom struggle.
Born in a middle-class family, Chaudhary Charan Singh was deeply connected with the farmers of the country and wanted to work for rural India. Chaudhary Charan Singh was the brains behind the land reforms that changed the face of agriculture in the biggest agrarian state of the country, Uttar Pradesh, for good.
Among his works for the agricultural sectors was the notable Debt Redemption Bill 1939, which brought showers of relief to farmers who were indebted to money-lenders. It also reflected positively on the number of suicides committed by farmers.
Another transforming bill designed by Charan Singh was the Land Holding Act of 1960, which came into force while he was the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. The law ensured uniformity in the state by capping the landholdings of an individual. He also worked for the Zamindari Abolition Act of 1950 while he was the Agricultural Minister of the state.
Chaudhary Charan Singh breathed his last on January 14, 1980. A memorial dedicated to him was built at Raj Ghat and is called ‘Kisan Ghat.’
Kisan Diwas 2021; Significance:
India is a land of villages and an agri-surplus country. The majority of the country’s rural population is farmers or affiliated with agriculture. Many of the country’s soldiers also come from farmers’ families.
Kisan Diwas is marked every year to honour the dedication and sacrifice of farmers. It also signifies the need to listen to them and ensure their social and economic security. The day also focuses on educating farmers with the latest learnings of the agricultural sector.
The day creates awareness among people about the importance of farmers and the agriculture sector in India’s development.
The hard work of a farmer is consistent in every weather and season and that’s why we have food on our plates every day. Farmers are the real heroes because, with their dedication and effort, they turn barren land into a land that produces food. Let us salute them on Farmers’ Day.
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