National Mathematics Day 2021 is being celebrated today, on December 22, 2021, across the country to honour the legacy of the great Indian Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.
Often referred to as a child prodigy in the subject, Ramanujan’s life has been a source of learning and inspiration to many, that also carved him a place among the greatest minds of all time.
Srinivasa Ramanujan was born in Erode in 1887, at a time when the country was under British rule. Also known as the ‘man who knew infinity, Ramanujan is known to have mastered trigonometry by the age of 13. As a young genius, the most awe gripping account of his school life was that he failed in all subjects except Mathematics.
Here is a look at some interesting facts about this prodigy and why this day is celebrated in his honour. National Mathematics Day 2021: Why do we celebrate on Dec 22?
In the year 2012, the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh declared the entire year as the National Mathematics Year and account of Ramanujan’s 125th birth anniversary, this date is celebrated as National Mathematics Day.
Today is his 134th birth anniversary. The idea is to honour his work and inspire people to work in this field. It even sheds a light on how intertwined mathematics is with life and how its study has helped humanity advance towards a better future.
National Mathematics Day to honour Srinivasa Ramanujan’s legacy – Interesting facts:
In school, Ramanujan was recognised as a child prodigy in Mathematics at the age of 11 as he could do college-level questions related to Advanced Mathematics. S. Ramanujan received a scholarship at Government Arts College, Kumbakonam but eventually lost it as he failed to secure minimum passing marks.
He is known to be the first Indian elected to be a Fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge.
Ramanujan credited his knowledge to the family goddess, Namagiri Thayar. He is often believed to have said, “An equation for me has no meaning unless it expresses a thought of God.”
The Ramanujan number 1729 or the magic number is one the most famous contributions by this legend. It is the smallest number expressed as a sum of cubes of two different sets of numbers.
Other very important contributions were to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions.
This genius’s work on Ramanujan prime, the Ramanujan theta function, partition formulae and mock theta functions are still considered to be fruitful for new areas of research.
National Mathematics Day 2021 is also celebrated in various schools and colleges in honour of such great contributions of Srinivasa Ramanujan. Riddled with ill health for a great part of his life, the world lost this genius in 1920.
The mathematician has always fascinated the world with his theorems and other achievements. His work continues to pave the way for new things and has also been a part of pop culture.
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